Paper 2023/1871

B2T: The Third Logical Value of a Bit

Dipesh, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
Vishesh Mishra, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
Urbi chatterjee, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Modern computing systems predominantly operate on the binary number system that accepts only ‘0’ or ‘1’ as logical values leading to computational homogeneity. But this helps in creating leakage patterns that can be exploited by adversaries to carry out hardware and software-level attacks. Recent research has shown that ternary systems, operating on three logical values (‘0′, ‘1', and ‘z') can surpass binary systems in terms of performance and security. In this paper, we first propose a novel approach that assigns logical values based on the direction of current flow within a conducting element, rather than relying on the voltage scale. Furthermore, we also present the mathematical models for each ternary gate.

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Ternary systemHDLMathematical Model
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dipesh @ cse iitk ac in
vishesh @ cse iitk ac in
urbic @ cse iitk ac in
2023-12-06: approved
2023-12-06: received
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      author = {Dipesh and Vishesh Mishra and Urbi chatterjee},
      title = {B2T: The Third Logical Value of a Bit},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2023/1871},
      year = {2023},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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