Paper 2022/913

On the Communication Efficiency of Statistically-Secure Asynchronous MPC with Optimal Resilience

Ashish Choudhury, International Institute of Information Technology Bangalore
Arpita Patra, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore

Secure multi-party computation (MPC) is a fundamental problem in secure distributed computing. An MPC protocol allows a set of $n$ mutually distrusting parties with private inputs to securely compute any publicly-known function of their inputs, by keeping their respective inputs as private as possible. While several works in the past have addressed the problem of designing communication-efficient MPC protocols in the synchronous communication setting, not much attention has been paid to the design of efficient MPC protocols in the asynchronous communication setting. In this work, we focus on the design of efficient asynchronous MPC (AMPC) protocol with statistical security, tolerating a computationally unbounded adversary, capable of corrupting up to $t$ parties out of the $n$ parties. The seminal work of Ben-Or, Kelmer and Rabin (PODC 1994) and later Abraham, Dolev and Stern (PODC 2020) showed that the optimal resilience for statistically-secure AMPC is $t < n/3$. Unfortunately, the communication complexity of the protocol presented by Ben-Or et al is significantly high, where the communication complexity per multiplication is $\Omega(n^{13} \kappa^2 \log n)$ bits (where $\kappa$ is the statistical-security parameter). To the best of our knowledge, no work has addressed the problem of improving the communication complexity of the protocol of Ben-Or at al. In this work, our main contributions are the following. -- We present a new statistically-secure AMPC protocol with the optimal resilience $t < n/3$ and where the communication complexity is ${\mathcal O}(n^4 \kappa)$ bits per multiplication. Apart from improving upon the communication complexity of the protocol of Ben-Or et al, our protocol is relatively simpler and based on very few sub-protocols, unlike the protocol of Ben-Or et al which involves several layers of subprotocols. A central component of our AMPC protocol is a new and simple protocol for verifiable asynchronous complete secret-sharing (ACSS), which is of independent interest. -- As a side result, we give the security proof for our AMPC protocol in the standard universal composability (UC) framework of Canetti (FOCS 2001, JACM 2020), which is now the defacto standard for proving the security of cryptographic protocols. This is unlike the protocol of Ben-Or et al, which was missing the formal security proofs.

Available format(s)
Cryptographic protocols
Publication info
Published elsewhere. ICITS 2009, INDOCRYPT 2020
MPC asynchronous model communication complexity unconditional security verifiable secret sharing
Contact author(s)
ashish choudhury @ iiitb ac in
arpita @ iisc ac in
2022-07-14: approved
2022-07-13: received
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      author = {Ashish Choudhury and Arpita Patra},
      title = {On the Communication Efficiency of Statistically-Secure Asynchronous {MPC} with Optimal Resilience},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2022/913},
      year = {2022},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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