Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/726

Asymmetric All-or-nothing Transforms

Navid Nasr Esfahani and Douglas R. Stinson

Abstract: In this paper, we initiate a study of asymmetric all-or-nothing transforms (or asymmetric AONTs). A (symmetric) $t$-all-or-nothing transform is a bijective mapping defined on the set of $s$-tuples over a specified finite alphabet. It is required that knowledge of all but $t$ outputs leaves any $t$ inputs completely undetermined. There have been numerous papers developing the theory of AONTs as well as presenting various applications of AONTs in cryptography and information security. In this paper, we replace the parameter $t$ by two parameters $t_o$ and $t_i$, where $t_i \leq t_o$. The requirement is that knowledge of all but $t_o$ outputs leaves any $t_i$ inputs completely undetermined. When $t_i < t_o$, we refer to the AONT as asymmetric. We give several constructions and bounds for various classes of asymmetric AONTs, especially those with $t_i = 1$ or $t_i = 2$. We pay particular attention to linear transforms, where the alphabet is a finite field $F_q$ and the mapping is linear.

Category / Keywords: foundations / all-or-nothing transform

Date: received 31 May 2021

Contact author: dstinson at uwaterloo ca, navid nasresfahani@uwaterloo ca

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20210602:115036 (All versions of this report)

Short URL: ia.cr/2021/726


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