Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/472

CryptoGram: Fast Private Calculations of Histograms over Multiple Users’ Inputs

Ryan Karl and Jonathan Takeshita and Alamin Mohammed and Aaron Striegel and Taeho Jung

Abstract: Histograms have a large variety of useful applications in data analysis, e.g., tracking the spread of diseases and analyzing public health issues. However, most data analysis techniques used in practice operate over plaintext data, putting the privacy of users’ data at risk. We consider the problem of allowing an untrusted aggregator to privately compute a histogram over multiple users’ private inputs (e.g., number of contacts at a place) without learning anything other than the final histogram. This is a challenging problem to solve when the aggregators and the users may be malicious and collude with each other to infer others’ private inputs, as existing black box techniques incur high communication and computational overhead that limit scalability. We address these concerns by building a novel, efficient, and scalable protocol that intelligently combines a Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) and the Durstenfeld-Knuth uniformly random shuffling algorithm to update a mapping between buckets and keys by using a deterministic cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator. In addition to being provably secure, experimental evaluations of our technique indicate that it generally outperforms existing work by several orders of magnitude, and can achieve performance that is within one order of magnitude of protocols operating over plaintexts that do not offer any security.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / Histogram, Trusted Hardware, Cryptography

Date: received 12 Apr 2021, last revised 6 May 2021

Contact author: tjung at nd edu

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20210506:180353 (All versions of this report)

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