Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/142

Network-Agnostic State Machine Replication

Erica Blum and Jonathan Katz and Julian Loss

Abstract: We study the problem of state machine replication (SMR)---the underlying problem addressed by blockchain protocols---in the presence of a malicious adversary who can corrupt some fraction of the parties running the protocol. Existing protocols for this task assume either a synchronous network (where all messages are delivered within some known time $\Delta$) or an asynchronous network (where messages can be delayed arbitrarily). Although protocols for the latter case give seemingly stronger guarantees, this is not the case since they (inherently) tolerate a lower fraction of corrupted parties.

We design an SMR protocol that is network-agnostic in the following sense: if it is run in a synchronous network, it tolerates $t_s$ corrupted parties; if the network happens to be asynchronous it is resilient to $t_a \leq t_s$ faults. Our protocol achieves optimal tradeoffs between $t_s$ and~$t_a$.

Category / Keywords: applications / consensus, blockchain

Date: received 9 Feb 2020, last revised 27 Mar 2020

Contact author: erblum at cs umd edu,jkatz2@gmail com,lossjulian@gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20200327:165513 (All versions of this report)

Short URL: ia.cr/2020/142


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