Paper 2020/1378

Correlation-Intractable Hash Functions via Shift-Hiding

Alex Lombardi and Vinod Vaikuntanathan


A hash function family $\mathcal{H}$ is correlation intractable for a $t$-input relation $\mathcal{R}$ if, given a random function $h$ chosen from $\mathcal{H}$, it is hard to find $x_1,\ldots,x_t$ such that $\mathcal{R}(x_1,\ldots,x_t,h(x_1),\ldots,h(x_t))$ is true. Among other applications, such hash functions are a crucial tool for instantiating the Fiat-Shamir heuristic in the plain model, including the only known NIZK for NP based on the learning with errors (LWE) problem (Peikert and Shiehian, CRYPTO 2019). We give a conceptually simple and generic construction of single-input CI hash functions from shift-hiding shiftable functions (Peikert and Shiehian, PKC 2018) satisfying an additional one-wayness property. This results in a clean abstract framework for instantiating CI, and also shows that a previously existing function family (PKC 2018) was already CI under the LWE assumption. In addition, our framework transparently generalizes to other settings, yielding new results: - We show how to instantiate certain forms of multi-input CI under the LWE assumption. Prior constructions either relied on a very strong ``brute-force-is-best'' type of hardness assumption (Holmgren and Lombardi, FOCS 2018) or were restricted to ``output-only'' relations (Zhandry, CRYPTO 2016). - We construct single-input CI hash functions from indistinguishability obfuscation (iO) and one-way permutations. Prior constructions relied essentially on variants of fully homomorphic encryption that are impossible to construct from such primitives. This result also generalizes to more expressive variants of multi-input CI under iO and additional standard assumptions.

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Preprint. MINOR revision.
Correlation Intractability
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alexjl @ mit edu
2021-09-14: last of 3 revisions
2020-11-10: received
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      author = {Alex Lombardi and Vinod Vaikuntanathan},
      title = {Correlation-Intractable Hash Functions via Shift-Hiding},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2020/1378},
      year = {2020},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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