Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/010

Double point compression for elliptic curves of $j$-invariant $0$

Dmitrii Koshelev

Abstract: The article provides a new double point compression method (to $2\log_2(q) + 4$ bits) for an elliptic $\mathbb{F}_{\!q}$-curve $E\!: y^2 = x^3 + b$ of $j$-invariant $0$ over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_{\!q}$ such that $q \equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 3)$. More precisely, we obtain explicit simple formulas transforming the coordinates $x_0,y_0,x_1,y_1$ of two points $P_0, P_1 \in E(\mathbb{F}_{\!q})$ to some two elements $t, s \in \mathbb{F}_{\!q}$ with four auxiliary bits. To recover (in the decompression stage) the points $P_0, P_1$ it is proposed to extract a sixth root $\sqrt[6]{w} \in \mathbb{F}_{\!q}$ of some element $w \in \mathbb{F}_{\!q}$. It is easily seen that for $q \equiv 3 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 4)$, $q \not\equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 27)$ this can be implemented by means of just one exponentiation in $\mathbb{F}_{\!q}$. Therefore the new compression method seems to be much faster than the classical one with the coordinates $x_0, x_1$, whose decompression stage requires two exponentiations in $\mathbb{F}_{\!q}$.

Category / Keywords: implementation / finite fields, pairing-based cryptography, elliptic curves of $j$-invariant $0$, double point compression

Date: received 4 Jan 2020

Contact author: dishport at ya ru

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Version: 20200106:083352 (All versions of this report)

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