Paper 2019/1345

Audita: A Blockchain-based Auditing Framework for Off-chain Storage

Danilo Francati, Giuseppe Ateniese, Abdoulaye Faye, Andrea Maria Milazzo, Angelo Massimo Perillo, Luca Schiatti, and Giuseppe Giordano


The cloud changed the way we manage and store data. Today, cloud storage services offer clients an infrastructure that allows them a convenient source to store, replicate, and secure data online. However, with these new capabilities also come limitations, such as lack of transparency, limited decentralization, and challenges with privacy and security. And, as the need for more agile, private and secure data solutions continues to grow exponentially, rethinking the current structure of cloud storage is mission-critical for enterprises. By leveraging and building upon blockchain’s unique attributes, including immutability, security to the data element level, distributed (no single point of failure), we have developed a solution prototype that allows data to be reliably stored while simultaneously being secured, with tamper-evident auditability, via blockchain. The result, Audita, is a flexible solution that assures data protection and solves challenges such as scalability and privacy. Audita works via an augmented blockchain network of participants that include storage-nodes and block-creators. In addition, it provides an automatic and fair challenge system to assure that data is distributed and reliably and provably stored. While the prototype is built on Quorum, the solution framework can be used with any blockchain platform. The benefit is a system that is built to grow along with the data needs of enterprises, while continuing to build the network via incentives and solving for issues such as auditing and outsourcing.

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Publication info
Published elsewhere. Minor revision. International Workshop on Security in Blockchain and Cloud Computing (SBC ’21)
BlockchainDistributed systemsProof of storage
Contact author(s)
dfrancat @ stevens edu
2021-04-08: last of 2 revisions
2019-11-22: received
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Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Danilo Francati and Giuseppe Ateniese and Abdoulaye Faye and Andrea Maria Milazzo and Angelo Massimo Perillo and Luca Schiatti and Giuseppe Giordano},
      title = {Audita: A Blockchain-based Auditing Framework for Off-chain Storage},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2019/1345},
      year = {2019},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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