Paper 2024/210

Rollerblade: Replicated Distributed Protocol Emulation on Top of Ledgers

Dionysis Zindros, Stanford University
Apostolos Tzinas, National Technical University of Athens
David Tse, Stanford University

We observe that most fixed-party distributed protocols can be rewritten by replacing a party with a ledger (such as a blockchain system) and the authenticated channel communication between parties with cross-chain relayers. This transform is useful because blockchain systems are always online and have battle-tested security assumptions. We provide a definitional framework that captures this analogy. We model the transform formally, and posit and prove a generic metatheorem that allows translating all theorems from the party setting into theorems in the emulated setting, while preserving analogies between party honesty and ledger security. In the heart of our proof lies a reduction-based simulation argument. As an example, our metatheorem can be used to construct a consensus protocol on top of other blockchains, creating a reliable rollup that assumes only the majority of the underlying layer-1s are secure.

Note: Add acknowledgment of funding

Available format(s)
Cryptographic protocols
Publication info
Contact author(s)
dionyziz @ gmail com
tzinas @ tzinas com
dntse @ stanford edu
2024-05-08: revised
2024-02-11: received
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      author = {Dionysis Zindros and Apostolos Tzinas and David Tse},
      title = {Rollerblade: Replicated Distributed Protocol Emulation on Top of Ledgers},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2024/210},
      year = {2024},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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