Paper 2023/715

Research Philosophy of Modern Cryptography: Is It Possible to Capture All Research Motivations in Cryptography Papers?

Fuchun Guo
Willy Susilo
Xiaofeng Chen
Peng Jiang
Jianchang Lai
Zhen Zhao

Proposing novel cryptography schemes (e.g., encryption, signatures, and protocols) is one of the main research goals in modern cryptography. In this paper, based on more than 800 research papers since 1976 that we have surveyed, we introduce the research philosophy, namely ``above" and ``beyond", of cryptography behind these papers. The ``above" refers to contributing more benefits in the newly proposed schemes which are usually explained with research motivations in academic papers; while the ``beyond" refers to contributing novel knowledge that the human has not yet mastered towards that kind of benefit. In this work, we concentrate on the ``above" part and aim to systematically survey the benefits of proposing new schemes, assuming that there is already one scheme proposed for a cryptography notion. We have categorized proposed benefits into 3 ways, 6 types, and 17 areas. As examples, we introduce 40 research strategies within these areas, each illustrated as ``From less-adj (in the first scheme) To more-adj (in the second scheme)", where ``adj" here refers to an adjective word representing a positive result in some sense, such as efficient, secure, traceable, and flexible. The introduced research strategies have covered most of the benefits of those schemes published in top-tier cryptography conferences.

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Public-key cryptography
Publication info
Modern CryptographyResearch PhilosophyResearch Strategy
Contact author(s)
fuchun @ uow edu au
wsusilo @ uow edu au
xfchen @ xidian edu cn
pengjiang @ bit edu cn
jclai @ seu edu cn
zzhen @ xidian edu cn
2023-12-15: revised
2023-05-18: received
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      author = {Fuchun Guo and Willy Susilo and Xiaofeng Chen and Peng Jiang and Jianchang Lai and Zhen Zhao},
      title = {Research Philosophy of Modern Cryptography: Is It Possible to Capture All  Research Motivations in Cryptography Papers?},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2023/715},
      year = {2023},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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