Paper 2023/338

Shield: Secure Allegation Escrow System with Stronger Guarantees

Nishat Koti, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
Varsha Bhat Kukkala, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
Arpita Patra, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
Bhavish Raj Gopal, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore

The rising issues of harassment, exploitation, corruption, and other forms of abuse have led victims to seek comfort by acting in unison against common perpetrators (e.g., #MeToo movement). One way to curb these issues is to install allegation escrow systems that allow victims to report such incidents. The escrows are responsible for identifying victims of a common perpetrator and taking the necessary action to bring justice to them. However, users hesitate to participate in these systems due to the fear of such sensitive reports being leaked to perpetrators, who may further misuse them. Thus, to increase trust in the system, cryptographic solutions are being designed to realize secure allegation escrow (SAE) systems. In the work of Arun et al. (NDSS'20), which presents the state-of-the-art solution, we identify attacks that can leak sensitive information and compromise victim privacy. We also report issues present in prior works that were left unidentified. To arrest all these breaches, we put forth an SAE system that prevents the identified attacks and retains the salient features from all prior works. The cryptographic technique of secure multi-party computation (MPC) serves as the primary underlying tool in designing our system. At the heart of our system lies a new duplicity check protocol and an improved matching protocol. We also provide additional features such as allegation modification and deletion, which were absent in the state of the art. To demonstrate feasibility, we benchmark the proposed system with state-of-the-art MPC protocols and report the cost of processing an allegation. Different settings that affect system performance are analyzed, and the reported values showcase the practicality of our solution.

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Published elsewhere. The Web Conference 2023
secure allegation escrowssensitive data processingsecure multiparty computationprivacy-preserving computation
Contact author(s)
kotis @ iisc ac in
varshak @ iisc ac in
arpita @ iisc ac in
bhavishraj @ iisc ac in
2023-03-24: revised
2023-03-07: received
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      author = {Nishat Koti and Varsha Bhat Kukkala and Arpita Patra and Bhavish Raj Gopal},
      title = {Shield: Secure Allegation Escrow System with Stronger Guarantees},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2023/338},
      year = {2023},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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