Paper 2023/266

Do we need to change some things? Open questions posed by the upcoming post-quantum migration to existing standards and deployments

Panos Kampanakis, Amazon Web Services
Tancrède Lepoint, Amazon Web Services

Cryptographic algorithms are vital components ensuring the privacy and security of computer systems. They have constantly improved and evolved over the years following new developments, attacks, breaks, and lessons learned. A recent example is that of quantum-resistant cryptography, which has gained a lot of attention in the last decade and is leading to new algorithms being standardized today. These algorithms, however, present a real challenge: they come with strikingly different size and performance characteristics than their classical counterparts. At the same time, common foundational aspects of our transport protocols have lagged behind as the Internet remains a very diverse space in which different use-cases and parts of the world have different needs. This vision paper motivates more research and possible standards updates related to the upcoming quantum-resistant cryptography migration. It stresses the importance of amplification reflection attacks and congestion control concerns in transport protocols and presents research and standardization takeaways for assessing the impact and the efficacy of potential countermeasures. It emphasizes the need to go beyond the standardization of key encapsulation mechanisms in order to address the numerous protocols and deployments of public-key encryption while avoiding pitfalls. Finally, it motivates the critical need for research in anonymous credentials and blind signatures at the core of numerous deployments and standardization efforts aimed at providing privacy-preserving trust signals.

Available format(s)
Cryptographic protocols
Publication info
Published elsewhere. SSR 2023
Post-quantumAmplification ProtectionCongestion ControlPublic-key EncryptionAnonymous Authentication
Contact author(s)
kpanos @ amazon com
tlepoint @ amazon com
2023-04-17: last of 2 revisions
2023-02-23: received
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Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Panos Kampanakis and Tancrède Lepoint},
      title = {Do we need to change some things? Open questions posed by the upcoming post-quantum migration to existing standards and deployments},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2023/266},
      year = {2023},
      doi = {10.1007/978-3-031-30731-7_4},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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