Paper 2023/1769

A Comprehensive Survey on Non-Invasive Fault Injection Attacks

Amit Mazumder Shuvo, University of Florida
Tao Zhang, University of Florida
Farimah Farahmandi
Mark Tehranipoor, University of Florida

Non-invasive fault injection attacks have emerged as significant threats to a spectrum of microelectronic systems ranging from commodity devices to high-end customized processors. Unlike their invasive counterparts, these attacks are more affordable and can exploit system vulnerabilities without altering the hardware physically. Furthermore, certain non-invasive fault injection strategies allow for remote vulnerability exploitation without the requirement of physical proximity. However, existing studies lack extensive investigation into these attacks across diverse target platforms, threat models, emerging attack strategies, assessment frameworks, and mitigation approaches. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of contemporary research on non-invasive fault injection attacks. Our objective is to consolidate and scrutinize the various techniques, methodologies, target systems susceptible to the attacks, and existing mitigation mechanisms advanced by the research community. Besides, we categorize attack strategies based on several aspects, present a detailed comparison among the categories, and highlight research challenges with future direction. By underlining and discussing the landscape of cutting-edge, non-invasive fault injection, we hope more researchers, designers, and security professionals examine the attacks further and take such threats into consideration while developing effective countermeasures.

Available format(s)
Attacks and cryptanalysis
Publication info
Non-invasive attacksfault injectionthreat modelsecurityassessmenttarget systemmitigation techniques
Contact author(s)
amazumdershuvo @ ufl edu
tao zhang @ ufl edu
farimah @ ece ufl edu
tehranipoor @ ece ufl edu
2023-11-17: approved
2023-11-15: received
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Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Amit Mazumder Shuvo and Tao Zhang and Farimah Farahmandi and Mark Tehranipoor},
      title = {A Comprehensive Survey on Non-Invasive Fault Injection Attacks},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2023/1769},
      year = {2023},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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