Paper 2022/527

PQC-SEP: Power Side-channel Evaluation Platform for Post-Quantum Cryptography Algorithms

Jungmin Park, N. Nalla Anandakumar, Dipayan Saha, Dhwani Mehta, Nitin Pundir, Fahim Rahman, Farimah Farahmandi, and Mark M. Tehranipoor


Research in post-quantum cryptography (PQC) aims to develop cryptographic algorithms that can withstand classical and quantum attacks. The recent advance in the PQC field has gradually switched from the theory to the implementation of cryptographic algorithms on hardware platforms. In addition, the PQC standardization process of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is currently in its third round. It specifies ease of protection against side-channel analysis (SCA) as an essential selection criterion. Following this trend, in this paper, we evaluate side-channel leakages of existing PQC implementations using PQC-SEP, a completely automated side-channel evaluation platform at both pre-and post-silicon levels. It automatically estimates the amount of side-channel leakage in the power profile of a PQC design at early design stages, i.e., RTL, gate level, and physical layout level. It also efficiently validates side-channel leakages at the post-silicon level against artificial intelligence (AI) based SCA models and traditional SCA models. Further, we delineate challenges and approaches for future research directions.

Available format(s)
Public-key cryptography
Publication info
Post-quantum CryptographyLattice-based CryptographySide-channel AttackAI-based Side-channel Attack
Contact author(s)
jungminpark @ ufl edu
nnachimuthu @ ufl edu
dsaha @ ufl edu
dhwanimehta @ ufl edu
nitin pundir @ ufl edu
fahim034 @ ufl edu
ffarahmandi @ ufl edu
tehranipoor @ ufl edu
2022-05-10: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Jungmin Park and N.  Nalla Anandakumar and Dipayan Saha and Dhwani Mehta and Nitin Pundir and Fahim Rahman and Farimah Farahmandi and Mark M.  Tehranipoor},
      title = {PQC-SEP: Power Side-channel Evaluation Platform for Post-Quantum Cryptography Algorithms},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2022/527},
      year = {2022},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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