Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2022/345

On the decisional Diffie-Hellman problem for class group actions on oriented elliptic curves

Wouter Castryck and Marc Houben and Frederik Vercauteren and Benjamin Wesolowski

Abstract: We show how the Weil pairing can be used to evaluate the assigned characters of an imaginary quadratic order $\mathcal{O}$ in an unknown ideal class $[\mathfrak{a}] \in \mathrm{Cl}(\mathcal{O})$ that connects two given $\mathcal{O}$-oriented elliptic curves $(E, \iota)$ and $(E', \iota') = [\mathfrak{a}](E, \iota)$. When specialized to ordinary elliptic curves over finite fields, our method is conceptually simpler and often faster than a recent approach due to Castryck, Sotáková and Vercauteren, who rely on the Tate pairing instead. The main implication of our work is that it breaks the decisional Diffie--Hellman problem for practically all oriented elliptic curves that are acted upon by an even-order class group. It can also be used to better handle the worst cases in Wesolowski's recent reduction from the vectorization problem for oriented elliptic curves to the endomorphism ring problem, leading to a method that always works in sub-exponential time.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / decisional Diffie-Hellman, isogeny-based cryptography, oriented elliptic curves, class group action, Weil pairing

Date: received 13 Mar 2022

Contact author: houben mr at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20220314:115643 (All versions of this report)

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