Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2022/108

Public Key Compression and Fast Polynomial Multiplication for NTRU using the Corrected Hybridized NTT-Karatsuba Method

Rohon Kundu and Alessandro de Piccoli and Andrea Visconti

Abstract: NTRU is a lattice-based public-key cryptosystem that has been selected as one of the Round III finalists at the NIST Post-Quantum Cryptography Standardization. Compressing the key sizes to increase efficiency has been a long-standing open question for lattice-based cryptosystems. In this paper we provide a solution to three seemingly opposite demands for NTRU cryptosystem: compress the key size, increase the security level, optimize performance by implementing fast polynomial multiplications. We consider a specific variant of NTRU known as NTRU-NTT. To perform polynomial optimization, we make use of the Number-Theoretic Transformation (NTT) and hybridize it with the Karatsuba Algorithm. Previous work done in providing 2-part Hybridized NTT-Karatsuba Algorithm contained some operational errors in the product expression, which have been detected in this paper. Further, we conjectured the corrected expression and gave a detailed mathematical proof of correctness. In this paper, for the first time, we optimize NTRU-NTT using the corrected Hybridized NTT-Karatsuba Algorithm. The significance of compressing the value of the prime modulus $q$ lies with decreasing the key sizes. We achieve a 128-bit post-quantum security level for a modulus value of 83,969 which is smaller than the previously known modulus value of 1,061,093,377, while keeping $n$ constant at 2048.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / Post-Quantum Cryptography, Lattice-based Cryptography, Ring-learning with Errors Problem, NTRU Algorithm, Number Theoretic Transformation, Hybridized NTT-Karatsuba Algorithm, Key Size

Original Publication (with minor differences): Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy, ISBN 978-989-758-553-1

Date: received 28 Jan 2022

Contact author: rohon kundu at eit lth se, alessandro depiccoli at unimi it, andrea visconti at unimi it

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20220131:075214 (All versions of this report)

Short URL: ia.cr/2022/108


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