Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/993

FLOD: Oblivious Defender for Private Byzantine-Robust Federated Learning with Dishonest-Majority

Ye Dong and Xiaojun Chen and Kaiyun Li and Dakui Wang and Shuai Zeng

Abstract: \textit{Privacy} and \textit{Byzantine-robustness} are two major concerns of federated learning (FL), but mitigating both threats simultaneously is highly challenging: privacy-preserving strategies prohibit access to individual model updates to avoid leakage, while Byzantine-robust methods require access for comprehensive mathematical analysis. Besides, most Byzantine-robust methods only work in the \textit{honest-majority} setting.

We present $\mathsf{FLOD}$, a novel oblivious defender for private Byzantine-robust FL in dishonest-majority setting. Basically, we propose a novel Hamming distance-based aggregation method to resist $>1/2$ Byzantine attacks using a small \textit{root-dataset} and \textit{server-model} for bootstrapping trust. Furthermore, we employ two non-colluding servers and use additive homomorphic encryption ($\mathsf{AHE}$) and secure two-party computation (2PC) primitives to construct efficient privacy-preserving building blocks for secure aggregation, in which we propose two novel in-depth variants of Beaver Multiplication triples (MT) to reduce the overhead of Bit to Arithmetic ($\mathsf{Bit2A}$) conversion and vector weighted sum aggregation ($\mathsf{VSWA}$) significantly. Experiments on real-world and synthetic datasets demonstrate our effectiveness and efficiency: (\romannumeral1) $\mathsf{FLOD}$ defeats known Byzantine attacks with a negligible effect on accuracy and convergence, (\romannumeral2) achieves a reduction of $\approx 2\times$ for offline (resp. online) overhead of $\mathsf{Bit2A}$ and $\mathsf{VSWA}$ compared to $\mathsf{ABY}$-$\mathsf{AHE}$ (resp. $\mathsf{ABY}$-$\mathsf{MT}$) based methods (NDSS'15), (\romannumeral3) and reduces total online communication and run-time by $167$-$1416\times$ and $3.1$-$7.4\times$ compared to $\mathsf{FLGUARD}$ (Crypto Eprint 2021/025).

Category / Keywords: applications / Privacy-Preserving, Byzantine-Robust, Federated Learning, Dishonest-Majority

Original Publication (with minor differences): 26th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security (ESORICS 2021)

Date: received 25 Jul 2021

Contact author: dongye at iie ac cn

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20210728:063634 (All versions of this report)

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