Paper 2021/921

Semilinear Transformations in Coding Theory: A New Technique in Code-Based Cryptography

Wenshuo Guo and Fang-Wei Fu

Abstract

This paper presents a new technique for disturbing the algebraic structure of linear codes in code-based cryptography. Specifically, we introduce the so-called semilinear transformations in coding theory and then creatively apply them to the construction of code-based cryptosystems. Note that $\mathbb{F}_{q^m}$ can be viewed as an $\mathbb{F}_q$-linear space of dimension $m$, a semilinear transformation $\varphi$ is therefore defined as an $\mathbb{F}_q$-linear automorphism of $\mathbb{F}_{q^m}$. Then we impose this transformation to a linear code $\mathcal{C}$ over $\mathbb{F}_{q^m}$. It is clear that $\varphi(\mathcal{C})$ forms an $\mathbb{F}_q$-linear space, but generally does not preserve the $\mathbb{F}_{q^m}$-linearity any longer. Inspired by this observation, a new technique for masking the structure of linear codes is developed in this paper. Meanwhile, we endow the underlying Gabidulin code with the so-called partial cyclic structure to reduce the public-key size. Compared to some other code-based cryptosystems, our proposal admits a much more compact representation of public keys. For instance, 2592 bytes are enough to achieve the security of 256 bits, almost 403 times smaller than that of Classic McEliece entering the third round of the NIST PQC project.

Metadata
Available format(s)
-- withdrawn --
Category
Public-key cryptography
Publication info
Published elsewhere. Major revision.https://arxiv.org/
Keywords
post-quantum cryptographycode-based cryptography
Contact author(s)
ws_guo @ mail nankai edu cn
History
2021-12-07: withdrawn
2021-07-09: received
See all versions
Short URL
https://ia.cr/2021/921
License
Creative Commons Attribution
CC BY
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