Paper 2021/862

Receiver-Anonymity in Rerandomizable RCCA-Secure Cryptosystems Resolved

Yi Wang, Rongmao Chen, Guomin Yang, Xinyi Huang, Baosheng Wang, and Moti Yung

Abstract

In this work we resolve the open problem raised by Prabhakaran and Rosulek at CRYPTO 2007, and present the first anonymous, rerandomizable, Replayable-CCA (RCCA) secure public-key encryption scheme. This solution opens the door to numerous privacy-oriented applications with a highly desired RCCA security level. At the core of our construction is a non-trivial extension of smooth projective hash functions (Cramer and Shoup, EUROCRYPT 2002), and a modular generic framework developed for constructing rerandomizable RCCA-secure encryption schemes with receiver-anonymity. The framework gives an enhanced abstraction of the original Prabhakaran and Rosulek's scheme (which was the first construction of rerandomizable RCCA-secure encryption in the standard model), where the most crucial enhancement is the first realization of the desirable property of receiver-anonymity, essential to privacy settings. It also serves as a conceptually more intuitive and generic understanding of RCCA security, which leads, for example, to new implementations of the notion. Finally, note that (since CCA security is not applicable to the privacy applications motivating our work) the concrete results and the conceptual advancement presented here, seem to substantially expand the power and relevance of the notion of rerandomizable RCCA-secure encryption.

Metadata
Available format(s)
PDF
Category
Public-key cryptography
Publication info
A minor revision of an IACR publication in Crypto 2021
Keywords
RCCA securityreceiver-anonymitysmooth projective hash function
Contact author(s)
wangyi14 @ nudt edu cn
chromao @ nudt edu cn
History
2021-06-24: received
Short URL
https://ia.cr/2021/862
License
Creative Commons Attribution
CC BY

BibTeX

@misc{cryptoeprint:2021/862,
      author = {Yi Wang and Rongmao Chen and Guomin Yang and Xinyi Huang and Baosheng Wang and Moti Yung},
      title = {Receiver-Anonymity in Rerandomizable RCCA-Secure Cryptosystems Resolved},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2021/862},
      year = {2021},
      note = {\url{https://eprint.iacr.org/2021/862}},
      url = {https://eprint.iacr.org/2021/862}
}
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