Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/820

Further Improving Differential-Linear Attacks: Applications to Chaskey and Serpent

Marek Broll and Federico Canale and Nicolas David and Antonio Florez-Gutierrez and Gregor Leander and María Naya-Plasencia and Yosuke Todo

Abstract: Differential-linear attacks are a cryptanalysis family that has recently benefited from various technical improvements, mainly in the context of ARX constructions. In this paper we push further this refinement, proposing several new improvements. In particular, we develop a better understanding of the related correlations, improve upon the statistics by using the LLR, and finally use ideas from conditional differentials for finding many right pairs. We illustrate the usefulness of these ideas by presenting the first 7.5-round attack on Chaskey. Finally, we present a new competitive attack on 12 rounds of Serpent, and as such the first cryptanalytic progress on Serpent in 10 years.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / cryptanalysis, differential-linear attack, partitions, LLR, Chaskey, Serpent, conditional-differential

Date: received 15 Jun 2021

Contact author: marek broll at rub de, federico canale at rub de, nicolas david at inria fr, antonio florez-gutierrez at inria fr, gregor leander at rub de, maria naya_plasencia at inria fr, yosuke todo xt at hco ntt co jp

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Version: 20210616:134204 (All versions of this report)

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