Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/505

Cryptanalysis of Boyen’s Attribute-Based Encryption Scheme in TCC 2013

Shweta Agrawal and Rajarshi Biswas and Ryo Nishimaki and Keita Xagawa and Xiang Xie and Shota Yamada

Abstract: In TCC 2013, Boyen suggested the first lattice based construction of attribute based encryption (ABE) for the circuit class $NC1$. Unfortunately, soon after, a flaw was found in the security proof of the scheme. However, it remained unclear whether the scheme is actually insecure, and if so, whether it can be repaired. Meanwhile, the construction has been heavily cited and continues to be extensively studied due to its technical novelty. In particular, this is the first lattice based ABE which uses linear secret sharing schemes (LSSS) as a crucial tool to enforce access control.

In this work, we show that the scheme is in fact insecure. To do so, we provide a polynomial-time attack that completely breaks the security of the scheme. We suggest a route to fix the security of the scheme, via the notion of admissible linear secret sharing schemes (LSSS) and instantiate these for the class of DNFs. Subsequent to our work, Datta, Komargodski and Waters (Eurocrypt 2021) provided a construction of admissible LSSS for NC1 and resurrected Boyen's claimed result.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / Attribute-based encryption, lattices, linear secret sharing scheme

Date: received 18 Apr 2021

Contact author: shweta a at cse iitm ac in, rajarshi 369@outlook in, ryo nishimaki zk@hco ntt co jp, keita xagawa zv@hco ntt co jp, xiexiang@matrixelements com, yamada-shota@aist go jp

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Version: 20210419:061434 (All versions of this report)

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