Paper 2021/288

Redeeming Reset Indifferentiability and Post-Quantum Groups

Mark Zhandry


Indifferentiability is used to analyze the security of constructions of idealized objects, such as random oracles or ideal ciphers. Reset indifferentiability is a strengthening of plain indifferentiability which is applicable in far more scenarios, but is often considered too strong due to significant impossibility results. Our main results are: - Under weak reset indifferentiability, ideal ciphers imply (fixed size) random oracles and random oracle domain shrinkage is possible. We thus show that reset indifferentiability is more useful than previously thought. - We lift our analysis to the quantum setting showing that ideal ciphers imply random oracles under quantum indifferentiability. - Despite Shor's algorithm, we observe that generic groups are still meaningful quantumly, showing that they are quantumly (reset) indifferentiable from ideal ciphers; combined with the above, cryptographic groups yield post-quantum symmetric key cryptography. In particular, we obtain a plausible post-quantum random oracle that is a subset-product followed by two modular reductions.

Available format(s)
Secret-key cryptography
Publication info
Preprint. Minor revision.
indifferentiabilityrandom oraclesideal ciphersquantum
Contact author(s)
mzhandry @ gmail com
2021-03-07: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Mark Zhandry},
      title = {Redeeming Reset Indifferentiability and Post-Quantum Groups},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2021/288},
      year = {2021},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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