Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/1627

A PKI-based Framework for Establishing Efficient MPC Channels

Daniel Masny and Gaven Watson

Abstract: The Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol is a fundamental building block for ensuring security on Internet. It provides an easy to use framework for the purposes of establishing an authenticated and secure channel between two parties that have never physically met. Nevertheless, TLS only provides a simple cryptographic functionality compared to more advanced protocols such as protocols for secure multiparty computation (MPC).

In this work, we provide a framework for efficiently establishing channels for MPC over the Internet. We focus on MPC protocols in the oblivious transfer (OT) hybrid model such that it is sufficient to establish OT correlations for such a channel. We revisit and combine different notions of UC security proposed in both the MPC and authenticated key exchange settings. Through this work, we show how an OT protocol can be composed with a secure authenticator to ensure the authenticity of messages sent during the OT.

In addition, we adapt and analyse non-interactive OTs based on dense key encapsulation mechanisms (KEMs) in the random oracle model, where the first message, i.e. public key, can be reused. These KEMs can be instantiated based on CDH, RSA and LWE and after a performance and security evaluation, it turns out that the resulting OT protocols are very competitive with the state of the art and are able to leverage existing PKIs.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / PKI, OT, MPC, Authentication, UC, Reusable MPC

Original Publication (with minor differences): CCS 2021

Date: received 13 Dec 2021

Contact author: daniel masny at rub de, gavenjwatson at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20211217:141952 (All versions of this report)

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