Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/1580

High Order Countermeasures for Elliptic-Curve Implementations with Noisy Leakage Security

Sonia Belaïd and Matthieu Rivain

Abstract: Elliptic-curve implementations protected with state-of-the-art countermeasures against side-channel attacks might still be vulnerable to advanced attacks that recover secret information from a single leakage trace. The effectiveness of these attacks is boosted by the emergence of deep learning techniques for side-channel analysis which relax the control or knowledge an adversary must have on the target implementation. In this paper, we provide generic countermeasures to withstand these attacks for a wide range of regular elliptic-curve implementations. We first introduce a framework to formally model a regular algebraic program which consists in a sequence of algebraic operations indexed by key-dependent values. We then introduce a generic countermeasure to protect these types of programs against advanced single-trace side-channel attacks. Our scheme achieves provable security in the noisy leakage model under a formal assumption on the leakage of randomized variables. To demonstrate the applicability of our solution, we provide concrete examples on several widely deployed scalar multiplication algorithms and report some benchmarks for a protected implementation on a smart card.

Category / Keywords: implementation / Side-channel countermeasures, elliptic-curve cryptography, masking, noisy leakage model, collision attacks, deep learning-based SCA

Date: received 2 Dec 2021

Contact author: sonia belaid at cryptoexperts com, matthieu rivain at cryptoexperts com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20211203:075844 (All versions of this report)

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