Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/1562

Concurrently Composable Non-Interactive Secure Computation

Andrew Morgan and Rafael Pass

Abstract: We consider the feasibility of non-interactive secure two-party computation (NISC) in the plain model satisfying the notion of superpolynomial-time simulation (SPS). While stand-alone secure SPS-NISC protocols are known from standard assumptions (Badrinarayanan et al., Asiacrypt 2017), it has remained an open problem to construct a concurrently composable SPS-NISC. Prior to our work, the best protocols require 5 rounds (Garg et al., Eurocrypt 2017), or 3 simultaneous-message rounds (Badrinarayanan et al., TCC 2017).

In this work, we demonstrate the first concurrently composable SPS-NISC. Our construction assumes the existence of: - a non-interactive (weakly) CCA-secure commitment, - a stand-alone secure SPS-NISC with subexponential security, and satisfies the notion of "angel-based" UC security (i.e., UC with a superpolynomial-time helper) with perfect correctness.

We additionally demonstrate that both of the primitives we use (albeit only with polynomial security) are necessary for such concurrently composable SPS-NISC with perfect correctness. As such, our work identifies essentially necessary and sufficient primitives for concurrently composable SPS-NISC with perfect correctness in the plain model.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / secure computation, two-party computation, non-interactive, composable, concurrent security, UC security

Date: received 29 Nov 2021

Contact author: asmorgan at cs cornell edu

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20211129:122634 (All versions of this report)

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