Paper 2021/1501

Relations between Privacy, Verifiability, Accountability and Coercion-Resistance in Voting Protocols

Alisa Pankova and Jan Willemson


This paper studies quantitative relationships between privacy, verifiability, accountability, and coercion-resistance of voting protocols. We adapt existing definitions to make them better comparable with each other and determine which bounds a certain requirement on one property poses on some other property. It turns out that, in terms of proposed definitions, verifiability and accountability do not necessarily put constraints on privacy and coercion-resistance. However, the relations between these notions become more interesting in the context of particular attacks. Depending on the assumptions and the attacker's goal, voter coercion may benefit from a too weak as well as too strong verifiability.

Note: This is a full version of the paper accepted to ACNS 2022.

Available format(s)
Cryptographic protocols
Publication info
Published elsewhere. Major revision. ACNS 2022
Security and privacy metricsprivacyanonymityverifiabilityvoting
Contact author(s)
janwil @ cyber ee
2021-11-15: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Alisa Pankova and Jan Willemson},
      title = {Relations between Privacy, Verifiability, Accountability and Coercion-Resistance in Voting Protocols},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2021/1501},
      year = {2021},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
Note: In order to protect the privacy of readers, does not use cookies or embedded third party content.