Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/1383

MHz2k: MPC from HE over $\mathbb{Z}_{2^k}$ with New Packing, Simpler Reshare, and Better ZKP

Jung Hee Cheon and Dongwoo Kim and Keewoo Lee

Abstract: We propose a multi-party computation (MPC) protocol over $\mathbb{Z}_{2^k}$ secure against actively corrupted majority from somewhat homomorphic encryption. The main technical contributions are: (i) a new efficient packing method for $\mathbb{Z}_{2^k}$-messages in lattice-based somewhat homomorphic encryption schemes, (ii) a simpler reshare protocol for level-dependent packings, (iii) a more efficient zero-knowledge proof of plaintext knowledge on cyclotomic rings $\mathbb{Z}[X]/\Phi_M(X)$ with $M$ being a prime. Integrating them, our protocol shows from 2.2x upto 4.8x improvements in amortized communication costs compared to the previous best results. Our techniques not only improve the efficiency of MPC over $\mathbb{Z}_{2^k}$ considerably, but also provide a toolkit that can be leveraged when designing other cryptographic primitives over $\mathbb{Z}_{2^k}$.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / Multi-party computation, Dishonest majority, Homomorphic encryption, Packing method, Zero-knowledge proof

Original Publication (with major differences): IACR-CRYPTO-2021

Date: received 13 Oct 2021

Contact author: activecondor at snu ac kr, Dongwoo Kim at wdc com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20211015:082322 (All versions of this report)

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