Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/1281

Leveled Fully Homomorphic Encryption Schemes with Hensel Codes

David W. H. A. da Silva and Luke Harmon and Gaetan Delavignette and Carlos Araujo

Abstract: We propose the use of Hensel codes (a mathematical tool lifted from the theory of $p$-adic numbers) as an alternative way to construct fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) schemes that rely on the hardness of some instance of the approximate common divisor (AGCD) problem. We provide a self-contained introduction to Hensel codes which covers all the properties of interest for this work. Two constructions are presented: a private-key leveled FHE scheme and a public-key leveled FHE scheme. The public-key scheme is obtained via minor modifications to the private-key scheme in which we explore asymmetric properties of Hensel codes. The efficiency and security (under an AGCD variant) of the public-key scheme are discussed in detail. Our constructions take messages from large specialized subsets of the rational numbers that admit fractional numerical inputs and associated computations for virtually any real-world application. Further, our results can be seen as a natural unification of error-free computation (computation free of rounding errors over rational numbers) and homomorphic encryption. Experimental results indicate the scheme is practical for a large variety of applications.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / Rational numbers, Fully homomorphic encryption, Hensel codes, Public-key encryption, Extended Euclidean algorithm

Date: received 23 Sep 2021

Contact author: dsilva at algemetric com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20210924:175329 (All versions of this report)

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