Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/1171

FAST: Secure and High Performance Format-Preserving Encryption and Tokenization

F. Betül Durak and Henning Horst and Michael Horst and Serge Vaudenay

Abstract: We propose a new construction for format-preserving encryption. Our design provides the flexibility for use in format-preserving encryption (FPE) and for static table-driven tokenization. Our algorithm is a substitution-permutation network based on random Sboxes. Using pseudorandom generators and pseudorandom functions, we prove a strong adaptive security based on the super-pseudorandom permutation assumption of our core design. We obtain empirical parameters to reach this assumption. We suggest parameters for quantum security.

Our design accommodates very small domains, with a radix $a$ from 4 to the Unicode alphabet size and a block length $\ell$ starting 2. The number of Sbox evaluations per encryption is asymptotically $\ell^{\frac32}$, which is also the number of bytes we need to generate using AES in CTR mode for each tweak setup. For instance, we tokenize 10 decimal digits using 29 (parallel) AES computations to be done only once, when the tweak changes.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / format-preserving encryption

Original Publication (with major differences): IACR-ASIACRYPT-21

Date: received 13 Sep 2021

Contact author: durakfbetul at gmail com, H Horst at comforte com, m horst at comforte com, serge vaudenay at epfl ch

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20210914:175843 (All versions of this report)

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