Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/1133

Multiradical isogenies

Wouter Castryck and Thomas Decru

Abstract: We argue that for all integers $N \geq 2$ and $g \geq 1$ there exist "multiradical" isogeny formulae, that can be iteratively applied to compute $(N^k, \ldots, N^k)$-isogenies between principally polarized $g$-dimensional abelian varieties, for any value of $k \geq 2$. The formulae are complete: each iteration involves the extraction of $g(g+1)/2$ different $N$th roots, whence the epithet multiradical, and by varying which roots are chosen one computes all $N^{g(g+1)/2}$ extensions to an $(N^k, \ldots, N^k)$-isogeny of the incoming $(N^{k-1}, \ldots, N^{k-1})$-isogeny. Our group-theoretic argumentation is heuristic, but it is supported by concrete formulae for several prominent families. As our main application, we illustrate the use of multiradical isogenies by implementing a hash function from $(3,3)$-isogenies between Jacobians of superspecial genus-$2$ curves, showing that it outperforms its $(2,2)$-counterpart by an asymptotic factor $\approx 9$ in terms of speed.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / isogeny, abelian variety, Jacobian, hash function

Date: received 6 Sep 2021, last revised 1 Dec 2021

Contact author: wouter castryck at esat kuleuven be, thomas decru at esat kuleuven be

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Version: 20211201:131118 (All versions of this report)

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