Paper 2021/047

Evolution of Bulletin Board & its application to E-Voting – A Survey

Misni Harjo Suwito, Yoshifumi Ueshige, and Kouichi Sakurai


The voting process is fundamental to any democratic system – be it a country or a company's boardroom. Nearly forty years ago, e-voting was theoretically perceived as a more efficient replacement of the widely existing paper-based traditional voting system. Several research works have been carried out to ensure more security and efficiency in different settings for e-voting schemes. One of the fundamental building blocks of e-voting systems is the public Bulletin Board through which several security properties are achieved. After introducing Blockchain technology, the bulletin board has found a new meaningful and concrete way of distributed way of implementation. Before Blockchain technology, either such a system was theoretically assumed or perceived as a public broadcast channel with memory. In this survey, we present a concise survey of bulletin boards' evolution with a typical application to the e-voting systems. We note that bulletin boards have other applications in other joint computation areas. Still, we are interested in evolving e-voting systems based on bulletin board and how several desired security properties are realized through bulletin boards.

Available format(s)
Publication info
Preprint. MINOR revision.
E-votingVerifiabilityReceipt-freenessBlockchainBulletin Board
Contact author(s)
misnisuwito @ gmail com
misni muhammad @ mercubuana ac id
yueshige @ nagasaki-u ac jp
sakurai @ inf kyushu-u ac jp
2021-01-18: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Misni Harjo Suwito and Yoshifumi Ueshige and Kouichi Sakurai},
      title = {Evolution of Bulletin Board & its application to E-Voting – A Survey},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2021/047},
      year = {2021},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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