Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/040

On the tropical discrete logarithm problem and security of a protocol based on tropical semidirect product

Any Muanalifah and Serge˘ı Sergeev

Abstract: Tropical linear algebra has been recently put forward by Grigoriev and Shpilrain ~\cite{grigoriev2014tropical,grigoriev2018tropical} as a promising platform for the implementation of protocols of Diffie-Hellman and Stickel type. Based on the CSR expansion of tropical matrix powers, we suggest a simple algorithm for the following tropical discrete logarithm problem: ``Given that $A=V\otimes F^{\otimes t}$ for a unique $t$ and matrices $A$, $V$, $F$ of appropriate dimensions, find this $t$.'' We then use this algorithm to suggest a simple attack on a protocol based on the tropical semidirect product. The algorithm and the attack are guaranteed to work in some important special cases and are shown to be efficient in our numerical experiments.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / Tropical algebra, semidirect product, matrix powers, cryptanalysis

Date: received 11 Jan 2021

Contact author: any math13 at gmail com,s sergeev@bham ac uk

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Version: 20210112:131217 (All versions of this report)

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