Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2021/005

Aggregatable Distributed Key Generation

Kobi Gurkan and Philipp Jovanovic and Mary Maller and Sarah Meiklejohn and Gilad Stern and Alin Tomescu

Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a distributed key generation (DKG) protocol with aggregatable and publicly-verifiable transcripts. Compared with prior publicly-verifiable approaches, our DKG reduces the size of the final transcript and the time to verify it from $O(n^2)$ to $O(n log(n))$, where $n$ denotes the number of parties. As compared with prior non-publicly-verifiable approaches, our DKG leverages gossip rather than all-to-all communication to reduce verification and communication complexity. We also revisit existing DKG security definitions, which are quite strong, and propose new and natural relaxations. As a result, we can prove the security of our aggregatable DKG as well as that of several existing DKGs, including the popular Pedersen variant. We show that, under these new definitions, these existing DKGs can be used to yield secure threshold variants of popular cryptosystems such as El-Gamal encryption and BLS signatures. We also prove that our DKG can be securely combined with a new efficient verifiable unpredictable function (VUF), whose security we prove in the random oracle model. % Finally, we experimentally evaluate our DKG and show that the per-party overheads scale linearly and are practical. For $64$ parties, it takes $71$ms to share and $359$ms to verify the overall transcript, while for $8192$ parties, it takes $8$s and $42.2$s respectively.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / distributed key generation

Date: received 31 Dec 2020

Contact author: mary maller at ethereum org

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20210102:114107 (All versions of this report)

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