Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/842

Dumbo-MVBA: Optimal Multi-valued Validated Asynchronous Byzantine Agreement, Revisited

Yuan Lu and Zhenliang Lu and Qiang Tang and Guiling Wang

Abstract: Multi-valued validated asynchronous Byzantine agreement (MVBA), proposed in the elegant work of Cachin et al. (CRYPTO 01), is fundamental for critical fault-tolerant services such as atomic broadcast in the asynchronous network. It was left as an open problem to asymptotically reduce the $O(ln^2+lambda n^2+n^3)$ communication (where $n$ is the number of parties, $l$ is the input length, and $lambda$ is the security parameter). Recently, Abraham et al. (PODC 19) removed the $n^3$ term to partially answer the question when input is small. However, in other typical cases, e.g., building atomic broadcast through MVBA, the input length $l >= lambda n$, and thus the communication is dominated by the $ln^2$ term and the problem raised by Cachin et al. remains open.

We fill the gap and answer the remaining part of the above open problem. In particular, we present two MVBA protocols with $O(l n+lambda n^2$ communicated bits, which is optimal when $l >= lambda n$. We also maintain other benefits including optimal resilience to tolerate up to $n/3$ adaptive Byzantine corruptions, optimal expected constant running time, and optimal $O(n^2) messages.

At the core of our design, we propose asynchronous provable dispersal broadcast (APDB) in which each input can be split and dispersed to every party and later recovered in an efficient way. Leveraging APDB and asynchronous binary agreement, we design an optimal MVBA protocol, Dumbo-MVBA; we also present a general self-bootstrap framework Dumbo-MVBA★ to reduce the communication of any existing MVBA protocols.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / Byzantine agreement, external validity, asynchronous network, optimal protocol

Original Publication (with major differences): will appear at ACM PODC 2020

Date: received 7 Jul 2020, last revised 12 Jul 2020

Contact author: yl768 at njit edu,zl425@njit edu,qiang@njit edu,gwang@njit edu

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Version: 20200712:144536 (All versions of this report)

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