Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/767

Efficient Constant-Round MPC with Identifiable Abort and Public Verifiability

Carsten Baum and Emmanuela Orsini and Peter Scholl and Eduardo Soria-Vazquez

Abstract: Recent years have seen a tremendous growth in the interest in secure multiparty computation (MPC) and its applications. While much progress has been made concerning its efficiency, many current, state-of-the-art protocols are vulnerable to Denial of Service attacks, where a cheating party may prevent the honest parties from learning the output of the computation, whilst remaining anonymous. The security model of identifiable abort aims to prevent these attacks, by allowing honest parties to agree upon the identity of a cheating party, who can then be excluded in the future. Several existing MPC protocols offer security with identifiable abort against a dishonest majority of corrupted parties. However, all of these protocols have a round complexity that scales linearly with the depth of the circuit (and are therefore unsuitable for use in high latency networks) or use cryptographic primitives or techniques that have a high computational overhead. In this work, we present the first efficient MPC protocols with identifiable abort in the dishonest majority setting, which run in a constant number of rounds and make only black-box use of cryptographic primitives. Our main construction is built from highly efficient primitives in a careful way to achieve identifiability at a low cost. In particular, we avoid the use of public-key operations outside of a setup phase, incurring a relatively low overhead on top of the fastest currently known constant-round MPC protocols based on garbled circuits. Our construction also avoids the use of adaptively secure primitives and heavy zero-knowledge machinery, which was inherent in previous works. In addition, we show how to upgrade our protocol to achieve public verifiability using a public bulletin board, allowing any external party to verify correctness of the computation or identify a cheating party.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / Secure Multiparty Computation, Identifiable Abort, Constant Round

Original Publication (with minor differences): IACR-CRYPTO-2020

Date: received 22 Jun 2020

Contact author: carsten baum at outlook com, eduardo@cs au dk

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20200624:075145 (All versions of this report)

Short URL: ia.cr/2020/767


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