Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/596

On quantum indistinguishability under chosen plaintext attack

Tore Vincent Carstens and Ehsan Ebrahimi and Gelo Tabia and and Dominique Unruh

Abstract: An encryption scheme is called indistinguishable under chosen plaintext attack (short IND-CPA), if an attacker cannot distinguish the encryptions of two messages of his choice. Alternatively there are other variants of this definition, that all turn out to be equivalent in the classical case. However in the quantum case, there is a lack of a comprehensive study of all quantum versions of IND-CPA security notion. We give an overview of these different variants of quantum IND-CPA for symmetric encryption schemes. In total, 57 different notions are valid and achievable. We investigate the relations between these notions and prove various equivalences, implications, non-equivalences, and non-implications between these variants. Some of non-implications are left as conjectures and need further research.

Category / Keywords: foundations / Symmetric encryption, Quantum security, IND-CPA

Date: received 20 May 2020

Contact author: ehsan ebrahimi at uni lu,unruh@ut ee

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Version: 20200522:151314 (All versions of this report)

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