Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/592

SWIFT: Super-fast and Robust Privacy-Preserving Machine Learning

Nishat Koti and Mahak Pancholi and Arpita Patra and Ajith Suresh

Abstract: Performing ML computation on private data while maintaining data privacy aka Privacy-preserving Machine Learning (PPML) is an emergent field of research. Recently, PPML has seen a visible shift towards the adoption of Secure Outsourced Computation (SOC) paradigm, due to the heavy computation that it entails. In the SOC paradigm, computation is outsourced to a set of powerful and specially equipped servers that provide service on a pay-per-use basis. In this work, we propose SWIFT, a robust PPML framework for a range of ML algorithms in SOC setting, that guarantees output delivery to the users irrespective of any adversarial behaviour. Robustness, a highly desirable feature, evokes user participation without the fear of denial of service.

At the heart of our framework lies a highly-efficient, maliciously-secure, three-party computation (3PC) over rings that provides guaranteed output delivery (GOD) in the honest-majority setting. To the best of our knowledge, SWIFT is the first robust and efficient PPML framework in the 3PC setting. SWIFT is as fast as the best-known 3PC framework BLAZE (Patra et al. NDSS'20) which only achieves fairness. We extend our 3PC framework for four parties (4PC). In this regime, SWIFT is as fast as the best known fair 4PC framework Trident (Chaudhari et al. NDSS'20) and twice faster than the best-known robust 4PC framework FLASH (Byali et al. PETS'20).

We demonstrate the practical relevance of our framework by benchmarking two important applications-- i) ML algorithms: Logistic Regression and Neural Network, and ii) Biometric matching, both over a 64-bit ring in WAN setting. Our readings reflect our claims as above.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / PPML, MPC, 3PC, 4PC, Multi-party Computation, Honest-majority, Robust, Guaranteed Output Delivery, Privacy Preserving Machine Learning

Date: received 19 May 2020

Contact author: kotis at iisc ac in,mahakp@iisc ac in,arpita@iisc ac in,ajith@iisc ac in

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Version: 20200522:151003 (All versions of this report)

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