Paper 2020/403

Bringing Order to Chaos: The Case of Collision-Resistant Chameleon-Hashes

David Derler, Kai Samelin, and Daniel Slamanig


Chameleon-hash functions, introduced by Krawczyk and Rabin at NDSS 2000, are trapdoor collision-resistant hash-functions parametrized by a public key. If the corresponding secret key is known, arbitrary collisions for the hash function can be efficiently found. Chameleon-hash functions have prominent applications in the design of cryptographic primitives, such as lifting non-adaptively secure signatures to adaptively secure ones. Recently, this primitive also received a lot of attention as a building block in more complex cryptographic applications ranging from editable blockchains to advanced signature and encryption schemes. We observe that in latter applications various different notions of collision-resistance are used, and it is not always clear if the respective notion does really cover what seems intuitively required by the application. Therefore, we revisit existing collision-resistance notions in the literature, study their relations, and - using the example of the recent redactable blockchain proposals - discuss which practical impact different notions of collision-resistance might have. Moreover, we provide a stronger, and arguably more desirable, notion of collision-resistance than what is known from the literature. Finally, we present a surprisingly simple and efficient black-box construction of chameleon-hash functions achieving this strong notion.

Available format(s)
Public-key cryptography
Publication info
A minor revision of an IACR publication in PKC 2020
Contact author(s)
david @ dfinity org
kaispapers @ gmail com
daniel slamanig @ ait ac at
2020-04-13: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {David Derler and Kai Samelin and Daniel Slamanig},
      title = {Bringing Order to Chaos: The Case of Collision-Resistant Chameleon-Hashes},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2020/403},
      year = {2020},
      doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-45374-9_16},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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