Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/338

Improved Primitives for MPC over Mixed Arithmetic-Binary Circuits

Daniel Escudero and Satrajit Ghosh and Marcel Keller and Rahul Rachuri and Peter Scholl

Abstract: This work introduces novel techniques to improve the translation between arithmetic and binary data types in secure multi-party computation. We introduce a new approach to performing these conversions using what we call extended doubly-authenticated bits (edaBits), which correspond to shared integers in the arithmetic domain whose bit decomposition is shared in the binary domain. These can be used to considerably increase the efficiency of non-linear operations such as truncation, secure comparison and bit-decomposition.

Our edaBits are similar to the daBits technique introduced by Rotaru et al. (Indocrypt 2019). However, we show that edaBits can be directly produced much more efficiently than daBits, with active security, while enabling the same benefits in higher-level applications. Our method for generating edaBits involves a novel cut-and-choose technique that may be of independent interest, and improves efficiency by exploiting natural, tamper-resilient properties of binary circuits that occur in our construction. We also show how edaBits can be applied to efficiently implement various non-linear protocols of interest, and we thoroughly analyze their correctness for both signed and unsigned integers.

The results of this work can be applied to any corruption threshold, although they seem best suited to dishonest majority protocols such as SPDZ. We implement and benchmark our constructions, and experimentally verify that our technique yield a substantial increase in efficiency. EdaBits save in communication by a factor that lies between $2$ and $60$ for secure comparisons with respect to a purely arithmetic approach, and between 2 and 25 with respect to using daBits. Improvements in throughput per second are slightly lower but still as high as a factor of 47. We also apply our novel machinery to the tasks of biometric matching and convolutional neural networks, obtaining a noticeable improvement as well.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / multi-party computation

Original Publication (with major differences): IACR-CRYPTO-2020

Date: received 19 Mar 2020, last revised 29 Jun 2020

Contact author: escudero at cs au dk, satrajit@cs au dk, mks keller@gmail com, rachuri@cs au dk, peter scholl@cs au dk

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: Improved cut-and-choose analysis, updated implementation results and various minor fixes.

Version: 20200629:131933 (All versions of this report)

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