Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/1547

Two-server Distributed ORAM with Sublinear Computation and Constant Rounds

Ariel Hamlin and Mayank Varia

Abstract: Distributed ORAM (DORAM) is a multi-server variant of Oblivious RAM. Originally proposed to lower bandwidth, DORAM has recently been of great interest due to its applicability to secure computation in the RAM model, where circuit complexity and rounds of communication are equally important metrics of efficiency.

In this work, we construct the first DORAM schemes in the 2-server, semi-honest setting that simultaneously achieve sublinear server computation and constant rounds of communication.

We provide two constant-round constructions, one based on square root ORAM that has $O(\sqrt{N}\log N)$ local computation and another based on secure computation of a doubly efficient PIR that achieves local computation of $O(N^\epsilon)$ for any $\epsilon > 0$ but that allows the servers to distinguish between reads and writes. As a building block in the latter construction, we provide secure computation protocols for evaluation and interpolation of multivariate polynomials based on the Fast Fourier Transform, which may be of independent interest.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / Distributed Oblivious RAM, Square Root ORAM, Doubly Efficient PIR, Secure Multi- Party Computation, Fast Fourier Transform

Date: received 11 Dec 2020

Contact author: arihamlin at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20201213:165919 (All versions of this report)

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