Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/1454

Circuit Privacy for Quantum Fully Homomorphic Encryption

Giulio Malavolta

Abstract: We study the problem of enforcing circuit privacy for the homomorphic evaluation of quantum circuits. We present a generic transformation from semi-honest to malicious circuit privacy for quantum fully homomorphic encryption (QFHE). Our compiler assumes minimal structural properties of the underlying QFHE scheme, which are satisfied by recent candidate constructions [Mahadev, FOCS 2018]. Thus we obtain a maliciously circuit private QFHE scheme, assuming the quantum hardness of (a circular variant of) the learning with errors (LWE) problem. This immediately implies the existence of a two-round secure function evaluation protocol for quantum circuits with input-indistinguishable security for the client (holding a quantum state $\ket{\psi}$) and unbounded simulation security for the server (evaluating a quantum circuit $C$).

Category / Keywords: foundations / homomorphic encryption, quanutm

Date: received 17 Nov 2020

Contact author: giulio malavolta at hotmail it

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Version: 20201119:094430 (All versions of this report)

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