Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/1390

A Survey of ECDSA Threshold Signing

Jean-Philippe Aumasson and Adrian Hamelink and Omer Shlomovits

Abstract: Threshold signing research progressed a lot in the last three years, especially for ECDSA, which is less MPC-friendly than Schnorr-based signatures such as EdDSA. This progress was mainly driven by blockchain applications, and boosted by breakthrough results concurrently published by Lindell and by Gennaro & Goldfeder. Since then, several research teams published threshold signature schemes with different features, design trade-offs, building blocks, and proof techniques. Furthermore, threshold signing is now deployed within major organizations to protect large amounts of digital assets. Researchers and practitioners therefore need a clear view of the research state, of the relative merits of the protocols available, and of the open problems, in particular those that would address "real-world" challenges.

This survey therefore proposes to (1) describe threshold signing and its building blocks in a general, unified way, based on the extended arithmetic black-box formalism (ABB+); (2) review the state-of-the-art threshold signing protocols, highlighting their unique properties and comparing them in terms of security assurance and performance, based on criteria relevant in practice; (3) review the main open-source implementations available.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / threshold cryptography, signature, ECDSA

Date: received 6 Nov 2020, last revised 10 Nov 2020

Contact author: jeanphilippe aumasson at gmail com,adrian@hamelink com,omer@kzencorp com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: Non-anon version

Version: 20201110:194157 (All versions of this report)

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