Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/1388

Signcryption in a Quantum World

Sanjit Chatterjee and Tapas Pandit and Shravan Kumar Parshuram Puria and Akash Shah

Abstract: This work initiates a formal study of signcryption in the quantum setting. We start with formulating suitable security definitions for confidentiality and authenticity of signcryption both in insider and outsider models against quantum adversaries. We investigate the quantum security of generic constructions of signcryption schemes based on three paradigms, viz., encrypt-then-sign (EtS), sign-then-encrypt (StE) and commit-then-encrypt-and-sign (CtE&S). In the insider model, we show that the quantum variants of the classical results hold in the quantum setting with an exception in the StE paradigm. However, in outsider model we need to consider an intermediate setting in which the adversary is given quantum access to unsigncryption oracle but classical access to signcryption oracle. In two-user outsider model, as in the classical setting, we show that post-quantum CPA security of the base encryption scheme is amplified in the EtS paradigm if the base signature scheme satisfies a stronger definition. We prove an analogous result in the StE paradigm. Interestingly, in the multi-user setting, our results strengthen the known classical results. Furthermore, our results for the EtS and StE paradigms in the two-user outsider model also extend to the setting of authenticated encryption. In this course, we point out a flaw in the proof of quantum security of authenticated encryption in the EtS paradigm given in a recent paper. We briefly discuss the difficulties in analyzing the full quantum security of signcryption in outsider model. Finally, we briefly discuss concrete instantiations in various paradigms utilising some available candidates of quantum secure encryption and signature schemes.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / Signcryption, Post-quantum cryptography, Quantum security

Date: received 6 Nov 2020

Contact author: sanjit at iisc ac in, tapasgmmath@gmail com, sppuria94@gmail com, shahakash94@gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20201110:125257 (All versions of this report)

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