Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/1358

Toward Provable One Way Functions

Hagar Dolev and Shlomi Dolev

Abstract: The existence of a provable one-way function is a long-standing open problem. This short note presents an example towards the existence a provable one-way function, example in which both directions are polynomial. Namely, we prove that given a sorted array it takes O(n) operations to randomly permute the array values uniformly over the permutation space, while (comparison based) sorting of the permuted array (of big enough values) requires in the worst case (and in the average case) Omega(n log n) compare operations . We also present a candidate cryptosystem based on permutations of random polynomial values.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / one-way functions

Original Publication (with minor differences): CSCML 2020 Phd Track, Technical Report

Date: received 28 Oct 2020, last revised 28 Oct 2020

Contact author: shlomidolev at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: Was presented in the PhD track of CSCML 2020

Version: 20201029:145939 (All versions of this report)

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