Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/1081

Twisted-PHS: Using the Product Formula to Solve Approx-SVP in Ideal Lattices

Olivier Bernard and Adeline Roux-Langlois

Abstract: Approx-SVP is a well-known hard problem on lattices, which asks to find short vectors on a given lattice, but its variant restricted to ideal lattices (which correspond to ideals of the ring of integers $\mathcal{O}_{K}$ of a number field $K$) is still not fully understood. For a long time, the best known algorithm to solve this problem on ideal lattices was the same as for arbitrary lattice. But recently, a series of works tends to show that solving this problem could be easier in ideal lattices than in arbitrary ones, in particular in the quantum setting.

Our main contribution is to propose a new ``twisted'' version of the PHS (by Pellet-Mary, Hanrot and Stehlé 2019) algorithm, that we call Twisted-PHS. As a minor contribution, we also propose several improvements of the PHS algorithm. On the theoretical side, we prove that our Twisted-PHS algorithm performs at least as well as the original PHS algorithm. On the practical side though, we provide a full implementation of our algorithm which suggests that much better approximation factors are achieved, and that the given lattice bases are a lot more orthogonal than the ones used in PHS. This is the first time to our knowledge that this type of algorithm is completely implemented and tested for fields of degrees up to~$60$.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / Ideal Lattices, Approx-SVP, PHS Algorithm

Original Publication (with major differences): IACR-ASIACRYPT-2020

Date: received 8 Sep 2020

Contact author: olivier bernard at irisa fr

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20200909:064750 (All versions of this report)

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