Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/881

On the Boomerang Uniformity of some Permutation Polynomials

Marco Calderini and Irene Villa

Abstract: The boomerang attack, introduced by Wagner in 1999, is a cryptanalysis technique against block ciphers based on differential cryptanalysis. In particular it takes into consideration two differentials, one for the upper part of the cipher and one for the lower part, and it exploits the dependency of these two differentials.

At Eurocrypt'18, Cid et al. introduced a new tool, called the Boomerang Connectivity Table (BCT) that permits to simplify this analysis. Next, Boura and Canteaut introduced an important parameter for cryptographic S-boxes called boomerang uniformity, that is the maximum value in the BCT. Very recently, the boomerang uniformity of some classes of permutations (in particular quadratic functions) have been studied by Li, Qu, Sun and Li, and by Mesnager, Chunming and Maosheng.

In this paper we further study the boomerang uniformity of some non-quadratic differentially 4-uniform functions. In particular, we consider the case of the Bracken-Leander cubic function and three classes of 4-uniform functions constructed by Li, Wang and Yu, obtained from modifying the inverse functions.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / Vectorial Boolean functions, Boomerang uniformity, Boomerang connectivity table, Boomerang attack

Date: received 31 Jul 2019, last revised 2 Mar 2020

Contact author: irene villa at uib no

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Version: 20200302:140016 (All versions of this report)

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