Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/657

Multi-Party PSM, Revisited: Improved Communication and Unbalanced Communication

Leonard Assouline and Tianren Liu

Abstract: We improve the communication complexity in the Private Simultaneous Messages (PSM) model, which is a minimal model of non-interactive information-theoretic multi-party computation. The state-of-the-art PSM protocols were recently constructed by Beimel, Kushilevitz and Nissim (EUROCRYPT 2018).

We present new constructions of $k$-party PSM protocols. The new protocols match the previous upper bounds when $k=2$ or $3$ and improve the upper bounds for larger $k$. We also construct $2$-party PSM protocols with unbalanced communication complexity. More concretely,

- For infinitely many $k$ (including all $k \leq 20$), we construct $k$-party PSM protocols for arbitrary functionality $f:[N]^k\to\{0,1\}$, whose communication complexity is $O_k(N^{\frac{k-1}{2}})$. This improves the former best known upper bounds of $O_k(N^{\frac{k}{2}})$ for $k\geq 6$, $O(N^{7/3})$ for $k=5$, and $O(N^{5/3})$ for $k=4$.

- For all rational $0<\eta<1$ whose denominator is $\leq 20$, we construct 2-party PSM protocols for arbitrary functionality $f:[N]\times[N]\to\{0,1\}$, whose communication complexity is $O(N^\eta)$ for one party, $O(N^{1-\eta})$ for the other. Previously the only known unbalanced 2-party PSM has communication complexity $O(\log(N)), O(N)$.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / information-theoretic

Original Publication (with minor differences): IACR-TCC-2021

Date: received 3 Jun 2019, last revised 5 Oct 2021

Contact author: tianrenl at uw edu, leonard assouline at ens-lyon fr

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: Revision after TCC acceptance

Version: 20211005:233518 (All versions of this report)

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