Paper 2019/657

Multi-Party PSM, Revisited: Improved Communication and Unbalanced Communication

Leonard Assouline and Tianren Liu


We improve the communication complexity in the Private Simultaneous Messages (PSM) model, which is a minimal model of non-interactive information-theoretic multi-party computation. The state-of-the-art PSM protocols were recently constructed by Beimel, Kushilevitz and Nissim (EUROCRYPT 2018). We present new constructions of $k$-party PSM protocols. The new protocols match the previous upper bounds when $k=2$ or $3$ and improve the upper bounds for larger $k$. We also construct $2$-party PSM protocols with unbalanced communication complexity. More concretely, - For infinitely many $k$ (including all $k \leq 20$), we construct $k$-party PSM protocols for arbitrary functionality $f:[N]^k\to\{0,1\}$, whose communication complexity is $O_k(N^{\frac{k-1}{2}})$. This improves the former best known upper bounds of $O_k(N^{\frac{k}{2}})$ for $k\geq 6$, $O(N^{7/3})$ for $k=5$, and $O(N^{5/3})$ for $k=4$. - For all rational $0<\eta<1$ whose denominator is $\leq 20$, we construct 2-party PSM protocols for arbitrary functionality $f:[N]\times[N]\to\{0,1\}$, whose communication complexity is $O(N^\eta)$ for one party, $O(N^{1-\eta})$ for the other. Previously the only known unbalanced 2-party PSM has communication complexity $O(\log(N)), O(N)$.

Note: Revision after TCC acceptance

Available format(s)
Cryptographic protocols
Publication info
A minor revision of an IACR publication in TCC 2021
Contact author(s)
tianrenl @ uw edu
leonard assouline @ ens-lyon fr
2021-10-05: last of 4 revisions
2019-06-04: received
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Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Leonard Assouline and Tianren Liu},
      title = {Multi-Party {PSM}, Revisited: Improved Communication and Unbalanced Communication},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2019/657},
      year = {2019},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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