Paper 2019/502

A refined analysis of the cost for solving LWE via uSVP

Shi Bai, Shaun Miller, and Weiqiang Wen


The learning with errors (LWE) problem (STOC'05) introduced by Regev is one of the fundamental problems in lattice-based cryptography. One standard strategy to solve the LWE problem is to reduce it to a unique SVP (uSVP) problem via Kannan's embedding and then apply a lattice reduction to solve the uSVP problem. There are two methods for estimating the cost for solving LWE via this strategy: the first method considers the largeness of the gap in the uSVP problem (Gama-Nguyen, Eurocrypt'08) and the second method (Alkim et al., USENIX'16) considers the shortness of the projection of the shortest vector to the Gram-Schmidt vectors. These two estimates have been investigated by Albrecht et al. (Asiacrypt'16) who present a sound analysis and show that the lattice reduction experiments fit more consistently with the second estimate. They also observe that in some cases the lattice reduction even behaves better than the second estimate perhaps due to the second intersection of the projected vector with the Gram-Schmidt vectors. In this work, we revisit the work of Alkim et al. and Albrecht et al. We first report further experiments providing more comparisons and suggest that the second estimate leads to a more accurate prediction in practice. We also present empirical evidence confirming the assumptions used in the second estimate. Furthermore, we examine the gaps in uSVP derived from the embedded lattice and explain why it is preferable to use embedding height equal to 1 for the embedded lattice. This shows there is a coherent relation between the second estimate and the gaps in uSVP. Finally, it has been conjectured by Albrecht et al. that the second intersection will not happen for large parameters. We will show that this is indeed the case: there is no second intersection as the block size goes to infinity.

Available format(s)
Public-key cryptography
Publication info
Published elsewhere. MINOR revision.Springer-Verlag’s Lecture Notes in Computer Science - Africacrypt 2019
learning with errorsLWElattice reductionKannan's embeddingcryptanalysis
Contact author(s)
shaunmiller2014 @ fau edu
2019-05-20: received
Short URL
Creative Commons Attribution


      author = {Shi Bai and Shaun Miller and Weiqiang Wen},
      title = {A refined analysis of the cost for solving LWE via uSVP},
      howpublished = {Cryptology ePrint Archive, Paper 2019/502},
      year = {2019},
      note = {\url{}},
      url = {}
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