Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/379

Non-Malleable Codes for Decision Trees

Marshall Ball and Siyao Guo and Daniel Wichs

Abstract: We construct efficient, unconditional non-malleable codes that are secure against tampering functions computed by decision trees of depth $d = n^{1/4-o(1)}$. In particular, each bit of the tampered codeword is set arbitrarily after adaptively reading up to $d$ arbitrary locations within the original codeword. Prior to this work, no efficient unconditional non-malleable codes were known for decision trees beyond depth $O(\log^2 n)$.

Our result also yields efficient, unconditional non-malleable codes that are $\exp(-n^{\Omega(1)})$-secure against constant-depth circuits of $\exp(n^{\Omega(1)})$-size. Prior work of Chattopadhyay and Li (STOC 2017) and Ball et al. (FOCS 2018) only provide protection against $\exp(O(\log^2n))$-size circuits with $\exp(-O(\log^2n))$-security.

We achieve our result through simple non-malleable reductions of decision tree tampering to split-state tampering. As an intermediary, we give a simple and generic reduction of leakage-resilient split-state tampering to split-state tampering with improved parameters. Prior work of Aggarwal et al. (TCC 2015) only provides a reduction to split-state non-malleable codes with decoders that exhibit particular properties.

Category / Keywords: foundations / non-malleable codes, decision trees, small-depth circuits, AC0, leakage-resilience, leakage-resilient split-state

Date: received 9 Apr 2019

Contact author: marshall at cs columbia edu

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Version: 20190416:032634 (All versions of this report)

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