Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/282

A Framework for Cryptographic Problems from Linear Algebra

Carl Bootland and Wouter Castryck and Alan Szepieniec and Frederik Vercauteren

Abstract: We introduce a general framework encompassing the main hard problems emerging in lattice-based cryptography, which naturally includes the recently proposed Mersenne prime cryptosystem, but also code-based cryptography. The framework allows to easily instantiate new hard problems and to automatically construct post-quantum secure primitives from them. As a first basic application, we introduce two new hard problems and the corresponding encryption schemes.

Concretely, we study generalizations of hard problems such as SIS, LWE and NTRU to free modules over quotients of \(\mathbb{Z}[X]\) by ideals of the form \((f,g)\), where \(f\) is a monic polynomial and \(g \in \mathbb{Z}[X]\) is a ciphertext modulus coprime to \(f\). For trivial modules (i.e. of rank one) the case \(f=X^n+1\) and \(g = q \in \mathbb{Z}_{>0}\) corresponds to ring-LWE, ring-SIS and NTRU, while the choices \(f = X^n- 1\) and \(g = X - 2\) essentially cover the recently proposed Mersenne prime cryptosystems. At the other extreme, when considering modules of large rank and letting \(\deg f = 1\) one recovers the framework of LWE and SIS.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / LWE, SIS, NTRU, quotient ring, post-quantum

Date: received 12 Mar 2019

Contact author: carl bootland at kuleuven be, frederik vercauteren@kuleuven be

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Version: 20190312:161326 (All versions of this report)

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